Instructions to Authors

Objectives and editorial policy

Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira (RAMB) is a bimonthly publication of the Brazilian Medical Association. It has been published continuously since 1954. The journal's aim is to publish articles that contribute to the advancement of medical knowledge. RAMB is indexed by major biomedical and scientific indices, including SciELO, Scopus, Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE), Web of Science, Institute for Scientific Information (ISI), Index Copernicus, LILACS, MEDLINE, and CAPES - QUALIS B3. Currently, RAMB offers only online edition and articles published necessarily in English. The online edition  is made free and available on our website ( and (

RAMB accept articles for publication in the following categories: Original Articles, Review Articles, Letters, Point of View, International Scenery, Comments. The editorial board strongly recommends that authors read the online version of RAMB and analyze the published articles as a model for preparation of their papers.

The submission and publication of the articles is totally free, without charging any fee to the authors. By submitting the article to RAMB, the author (s) accept and agree to the journal's standards.

Intellectual property

All journal content, except where otherside noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons - type BY-NC


Manuscript submission/Language

All articles and letters should be sent only by website:  ScholarOne .Just the realization of a register, followed by the manuscript submission, following the rules described here. Only articles will be accepted that, among its authors, contains at least a doctor.

The article may be submitted only in English.

All material submitted for publication in RAMB cannot be in the evaluation process, have already been published, or be submitted later to publication in other journals. All submissions are reviewed by the Editorial Board.

The Editorial Board strongly recommends that the authors do a search for articles related to the theme and previously published in this journal or other journals indexed in SciELO, using the same keywords of the proposed article. These items should be considered by the authors in preparing the manuscript in order to stimulate the scientific exchange between the SciELO journals.

What happens after submission

Due to the large number of manuscripts received, the Editorial Board has adopted selection criteria for the peer review process. On receipt, the manuscript is appraised by a RAMB editor for its conformity to the guidelines and preferences of the journal. As occurred with other journals, most submitted manuscripts do not pass this initial screening and are not sent out for peer review. Manuscripts are initially evaluated according to the following criteria: subjects fall within the scope of the journal and are relevant to our readership, the main topic has general medical interest, title and abstract are appropriate, writing is clear, study methods are well defined and appropriate (including, in the case of clinical trials, sample size, statistical analysis and Ethics Committee approval), results are clearly presented, and conclusions are reasonable and supported by the data. This procedure aims to reduce the time between date of submission and editorial acceptance or rejection, without hindering the submission process. Only manuscripts that have passed this initial screening by the editors will undergo complete peer review.

If a manuscript is deemed unsuitable for publication by the editors, the authors will be notified of this decision within 2 weeks (starting after the review for proper formatting). Peer-review reports with the reviewers’ recommendations about acceptance or rejection will be sent to the authors as soon as possible. Although there are strict time limits on the peer-review process, most journals count on the remarkable collaborative spirit of the scientific community, which, due to their numerous duties, cannot always meet deadlines. If the Editorial Board considers that the review time is prolonged and is being detrimental to the author, there will be a cancellation of the editorial process and the article will be returned quickly to the author. Authors who are advised that their manuscript must be revised are required to provide a document detailing their response to each reviewer’s comment upon resubmission. In addition, revised manuscripts should clearly indicate changes made to the text using red font, and the original text should be kept and marked as underlined text.

Papers are published on a first-come, first-served basis, but the Editorial Board reserves the right to make case-by-case exceptions. After acceptance for publication, the authors will receive page proofs for checking, but corrections should be limited to typesetting errors. Proofs should be returned within two days. After final approval by the authors, no changes can be made to the paper.



The Editorial Board consists of an Editor-in-Chief, Associate Editors, Assistant Editors, and an Advisory Board in the following areas: Clinical Medicine, Clinical Surgery, Public Health, Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Bioethics, Oncology, Emergency and Intensive Care Medicine, Pharmaceutical Medicine, and Evidence-based Medicine. The Editorial Board is responsible for the initial appraisal and acceptance or rejection of manuscripts submitted for publication. The editor in chief has the prerogatives that the position gives it to accept or reject any article, regardless of peer review, as well as set the edition of its publication.

Journal style and manuscript preparation

The manuscript must have a maximum of 2,800 words (including abstract, abstract and bibliographical references) and contain a maximum of 25 bibliographic references for original articles and other articles. For the review articles, a maximum of 40 bibliographic references will be accepted. Bibliographical references must be recent, so that 50% of them in the last five years. A maximum of three tables or figures or images are accepted. The article should be written in body 12, spacing 1,5 line, with margin of 3 cm on each side, and be forwarded in Word (.doc file).


Title page

The title page should contain the following information:

  1. Title of the paper, concise and not exceeding 75 characters or one line, with the corresponding translation into Portuguese.
    b)First and last names of each author, with their current affiliation.
    c) Name and address of the institution with which the work is associated.
    d) Cover letter signed by all authors listed on the manuscript, who must have approved the submitted manuscript and be responsible for reported research. Only one author should be indicated as the corresponding author. Provide full contact details for the corresponding author, including full mailing address, telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail.
    e) Ethical aspects: letter from the authors revealing possible conflicts of interest (professional, financial and direct or indirect benefits) that may influence or have influenced the results of the research or the content of the work. The letter must also include, when applicable, the date of approval of the work by the Research Ethics Committee of the institution to which the authors are linked. It is absolutely mandatory to send, together with the article, the COPYRIGHT TERM, available on website, (instruction & forms) duly signed by the authors, without which the article will not will follow its normal evaluation flow.
    f) According to a recent request from Scielo - Scientific Electronic Library Online, the Journal of the Brazilian Medical Association (RAMB) requires, as of January 2018, ORCID as an identifier of all authors. To get it, just follow the instructions on
    g) Contribution of the authors: the contribution of each author to the work must be inserted in title page.

Manuscript components

Original articles must contain the following sections: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions, and References.


Footnotes should be kept to the minimum necessary, being marked in the text and listed on a separate sheet of paper under a subheading “Footnotes”.


All those who contributed significantly to the manuscript, but do not meet the criteria for authorship, should be listed in this section. This section should appear at the end of the text, prior to the References.


The summary should not exceed 250 words and must include the following headings: Objective, Methods, Results, and Conclusion. Summary is required during submission (copy/paste) and in the manuscript. After the summary, the authors should provide a maximum of six keywords in accordance with the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) elaborated by the National Library of Medicine.

References (totaling a maximum of 25 references for original articles and other articles, and 40 references for review articles) should be numbered sequentially in the order in which they are cited in the text.
The names of all the authors up to six should be included, but when authors number seven or more, list the first six authors followed by “et al.” Bibliographical references must be recent, 50% of which should be from the last five years. Abbreviations of journal names should conform to those in Index Medicus for the current year, available at or If this is not possible, journal abbreviation should comply with the Brazilian Technical Standards Association (Associação Brasileira de Normas Técnicas, ABNT).

Examples are given below:
1. Parkin DM, Clayton D, Black RJ, Masuyer E, Friedl HP, Ivanov E, et al. Childhood leukaemia in Europe after
Chernobyl: 5 year follow-up. Br J Cancer 1996;73:1006-12.
2. Vega KJ, Pina I, Krevsky B. Heart transplantation is associated with an increased risk for pancreatobiliary disease. Ann Intern Med 1996;124:980-3.
3. The Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand. Clinical exercise stress testing. Safety and performance guidelines. Med J Aust 1996; 164-282-4.
4. Cancer in South Africa [editorial]. S Afr Med J 1994;84:15.
5. Phillips SJ, Whisnant JP. Hypertension and stroke. In:Laragh JH, Brener BM, editors. Hypertension: pathophysiology, diagnosis and management. 2nd ed. New York: Raven Press; 1995.p.465-78.
6. Morse SS. Factors in the emergence of infectious diseases. Emerg Infect Dis [serial on line] 1995 Jan-Mar [cited
1996 Jun 5];1(1):[24 screens]. Available from: URL:
7. Leite DP. Padrão de prescrição para pacientes pediátricos hospitalizados: uma abordagem farmacoepidemiológica
[dissertação]. Campinas: Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, 1998.

References to “unpublished data” and “personal communications” should be set in parentheses immediately after mention of the individual(s) name(s) in the text. For example: Oliveira AC, Silva PA and Garden LC (unpublished data). The author must obtain permission to use a “personal communication”.

Citations in the text are indicated by superscript Arabic numbers in the order in which they appear in the text.

For example: In situations where normoglycemia is maintained,6 …


All tables, photographs, graphs, figures or supplemental material should be provided in separate files within the system. All material should provide clear and concise data that enhance, not duplicate, information in the text and should not exceed a TOTAL OF THREE.

  1. a)Submit, good-quality (minimum 300 dpi) original figures (do not submit photocopies). Letters and symbols should be defined in the legend.
    b)Figure and table legends must be self-explanatory and intelligible without reference to the text.
    c) Each table, with title and legend, should be on a separate file.
    d) Figures and tables, on separate files, with their respective subtitles, should have a title, show the first author's name, and be numbered separately using Arabic numbers in the order in which they appear in the text. Figures / images should be forwarded in .jpg file.


The use of abbreviations should be kept to a minimum. When abbreviations are used, give the full term followed by the abbreviation in parentheses at the first mention in the text. The abbreviation may appear in the text thereafter. Abbreviations used in tables and figures should be explained in the legend.
Use only generic names of drugs in the text.


Aiming at using the official terms of published papers, RAMB adopts the Terminologia Anatomica: International Anatomical Terminology, approved by the International Federation of Associations of Anatomists (IFAA). For further information, consult the following references: FCAT – IFAA (1998) – International Anatomical Terminology – Stuttgart – Alemanha – Georg Thieme Verlag or CTA-SBA (2001) – Terminologia Anatômica. S. Paulo, Editora Manole.